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Mauro Giuliani

(1781-1829)
the most celebrated virtuoso of the 19th century

M. Giuliani

Mauro Giuliani, one of the greatest exponents of the Nineteenth Century guitar, a first rank virtuoso and a great composer for guitar, was born in Bisceglie on July 27, 1781. While still a child he began the study of harmony and composed some works of liturgical character. His center of study was in Barletta, where he moved, together with his brother Nicola, in the first years of his life.

His first instrumental training was on the cello, an instrument that he never abandoned completely during his life. He probably also studied the violin.

Subsequently he devoted himself to the guitar, becoming a very skilled performer on it in a short time. His teachers are unknown, nor do we know his exact movements in Italy.

He married Maria Giuseppe del Monaco, and they had a child, Michael, born in Barletta in 1801. After that he was probably in Bologna and Trieste for a brief stay; by the summer of 1806 he had moved to Vienna without his family.

Here he achieved great success and became a musical celebrity, equal to the best of the many instrumentalists and composers who were active in the Austrian capital city at the beginning of the 19th Century. He began a relationship with a certain Fräulein Willmuth, with whom he had a daughter, Maria, in 1807.

Gifted with much ability and singularly dedicated to his concert activity, Giuliani defined a new role for the guitar in the context of European music. He was acquainted with the highest figures of Austrian society, and cooperated with the best active concert musicians in Vienna. In 1815 he appeared with the pianist Hummel (followed later by Moscheles), the violinist Mayseder and the cellist Merk, in a series of chamber concerts in the botanical gardens of Schönbrunn Palace, concerts that were called the "Dukaten Concerte", after the price of the ticket, which was a ducat, a gold coin of the time. This exposure gave Giuliani prominence in the musical environment of the city. Also in 1815, he was the official concert artist for the celebrations of the Congress in Vienna. Two years earlier, on the 8th of December, 1813, he had played (probably cello) in an orchestra for the first performance of Beethoven's Seventh Symphony.

In Vienna Giuliani had minor success as a composer. He worked mostly with the publisher Artaria, who published the large part of his works for guitar, but he had dealings with all the other local publishers, who spread his compositions all over Europe. He developed here a teaching reputation as well; among his numerous students were Bobrowicz and Horetzky.

In 1819 Giuliani left Vienna, mainly for personal reasons: his property and bank accounts were confiscated to pay his debtors; he had become quite broke! He returned to Italy, spending time in Trieste and Venice, and finally settling in Rome.

He brought with him his daughter Emilia, who was born in 1813. She was educated at the nunnery "L'adorazione del Gesù" from 1821 to 1826, together with Giuliani's illegitimate daughter Maria. In Rome he did not have much success; he published a few compositions and gave only one concert. In July of 1823 he began a series of frequent trips to Naples to be with his father, who was seriously ill. In the Bourbon city of Naples Giuliani would find a better reception to his guitar artistry, and there he was able to publish other works for guitar with local publishers.

In 1826 he performed in Portici before Francesco I and the Bourbon Court. In this time period, which we could call Giuliani's Neapolitan period, he appeared frequently in duo concert with his daughter Emilia, who had become a skilled performer on the guitar. Toward the end of 1828 the health of the musician began to fail; he died in Naples on the 8th of May, 1829. The news of his death did not create much of a stir in the Neapolitan musical environment.

Giuliani left 150 compositions for guitar with opus number. These compositions constitute the principal nucleus of the guitar repertoire of the Eighteenth Century. Among his most important works we count the concertos for guitar and orchestra, Op. 30-36 and 70; a series of fantasias, Op. 119-124, entitled the "Rossiniane," for guitar solo; several sonatas for violin and guitar and flute and guitar; a quintet, Op. 65, for strings and guitar; and some collections for voice and guitar. There are further numerous didactic works, among which is a method for guitar that is used frequently by teachers to this day.

(Transl. M. Penny)

Bibliographic notes

  1. Mauro Giuliani: The Complete Works in Facsimiles in the original Editions edited by Brian Jeffery, London, Tecla Editions, 39 voll. 1984-88.
  2. Mauro Giuliani: Studi per chitarra. Edizione integrale. Edizione critica, revisione e diteggiatura di Ruggero Chiesa. Vol. I - opp. 1 & 48. Vol. II - opp. 50, 51 & 98. Vol. III - opp. 100, 111 & 139, Milano, Suvini Zerboni, 1986.
  3. The Complete Works in Facsimiles in the original Editions edited by Brian Jeffery, London, Tecla Editions, 39 voll. 1984-88.
  4. Ruggero Chiesa, Il repertorio chitarristico. Un punto sulla situazione. Parte quarta. Il periodo classico (1800-1840). Mauro Giuliani (1781-1829), in il Fronimo no. 79 p. 31, April 1992.
  5. Mario Torta, Le edizioni napoletane di Mauro Giuliani, in il Fronimo no. 87 p. 12, April 1994.
  6. Thomas F. Heck, Mauro Giuliani: Virtuoso Guitarist and Composer, Columbus, Editions Orphée, 1995.
  7. Thomas F. Heck, Giuliani in Italia (I-II-III parte) in il Fronimo no. 8 p. 16-22, no. 9 p. 19-28, no.10 p. 13-19.
  8. Thomas F. Heck, Horetzky e la Giulianad in il Fronimo no. 12 p. 23-26.
  9. Thomas F. Heck, Mauro Giuliani. Un omaggio in occasione del bicentenario della nascita e un nuovo ritratto in il Fronimo no.37 p. 48-52.
  10. Marco Riboni, Mauro Giuliani. Un aggiornamento biografico in il Fronimo no. 81 p. 41-61.
  11. Marco Riboni, Gli Studi per chitarra di Mauro Giuliani, in il Fronimo no. 104, p. 30-37, 1998.
  12. Please refer also to the Basic Bibliography

Printed works of Mauro Giuliani

  1. Studio per la Chitarra di Mauro Giuliani Opera Prima (Method op. 1), (guitar), Vienna, Artaria & Co., 1812
  2. VARIAZIONI op. 2 (guitar) c. 1810
  3. TRE RONDÃ’ op. 3 (guitar) c. 1811
  4. VARIAZIONI op. 4 (guitar) c. 1810
  5. RONDÃ’ op. 5 (guitar) c. 1810
  6. VARIAZIONI op. 5 (guitar) c. 1815
  7. VARIAZIONI op. 6 (guitar) c. 1828
  8. VARIAZIONI op. 7 (guitar) c. 1807
  9. TRE RONDÃ’ op. 8 (guitar) c. 1826
  10. VARIAZIONI op. 9 (guitar) c. 1810
  11. DIVERTIMENTI op. 10 (guitar) c. 1826
  12. CAPRICCIO op. 11 (guitar) c. 1810
  13. DODICI MONFERRINE op. 12 (guitar) c. 1825
  14. TRE ROMANZE op. 13 (violin & guitar
  15. SEI RONDÃ’ op. 14 (guitar) c. 1811
  16. SONATA op. 15 (guitar) c. 1812
  17. RACCOLTA op. 16 (guitar) c. 1810
  18. SEDICI LANDLER op. 16 (two guitars) c. 1811
  19. TRE RONDÃ’ op. 17 (guitar) c. 1813
  20. POT POURRI op. 18 (guitar) c. 1808
  21. TRE RONDÃ’ op. 18 (guitar)
  22. SERENATA op. 19 (violin, cello & guitar) c. 1810
  23. VARIAZIONI op. 20 (guitar) c. 1810
  24. DODICI VALZER op. 21 (guitar) c. 1811
  25. TRE ROMANZE op. 22 (voice & guitar or pianoforte), c. 1810
  26. DODICI VALZER op. 23 (guitar) c. 1811
  27. VARIAZIONI op. 24 (violin & guitar), c. 1811
  28. DUO CONCERTANTE op. 25 (violin & guitar)
  29. POT POURRI op. 26 (guitar) c. 1810
  30. ROMANZA op. 27 (voice & guitar or pianoforte), c. 1811
  31. POT POURRI op. 28 (guitar) c. 1811
  32. DIVERTIMENTI op. 29 (guitar) c. 1828
  33. CONCERTO op. 30 (guitar & orchestra), c. 1812
  34. POT POURRI op. 31 (guitar) c. 1811
  35. VARIAZIONI op. 32 (guitar) c. 1810
  36. DODICI SCOZZESI op. 33 (guitar)
  37. VARIAZIONI op. 34 (guitar) c. 1810
  38. GRANDI VARIAZIONI CONCERTANTI op. 35 (two guitars) c. 1833
  39. GRAN CONCERTO op. 36 (guitar & orchestra), c. 1812
  40. GRAN CONCERTO op. 36 (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1824
  41. DIVERTIMENTI op. 37 (guitar)
  42. VARIAZIONI op. 38 (guitar) c. 1812
  43. SEI CAVATINE op. 39 CANTO E CHITARRA
  44. DIVERTIMENTI op. 40 (guitar) c. 1816
  45. ARIA VARIATA op. 41 (guitar) c. 1812
  46. POT POURRI op. 42 (guitar) c. 1811
  47. RACCOLTA op. 43 (guitar) c. 1813
  48. dodici landler op. 44 (guitar) c. 1811
  49. VARIAZIONI op. 45 (guitar) c. 1811
  50. RACCOLTA op. 46 (guitar) c. 1812
  51. VARIAZIONI op. 47 (guitar) c. 1812
  52. Esercizio per la chitarra Contenente 24 Pezzi della magiorre [sic] difficoltà diversi Preludi, Passaggi, ed Assolo Composti da Mauro Giuliani Opera 48 (24 Studies op. 48 for guitar), Vienna, Stamperia chimica, 1813
  53. VARIAZIONI op. 49 (guitar) c. 1813
  54. Le papillon pour la Guitare ou Choix des plus beaux morceaux faciles et agréables à l'usage des commençants par Mauro Giuliani op. 50 (3 Studies for guitar), Vienna, T. Mollo, 1815
  55. XVIII Leçons Progressives pour la Guitarre composées par Mauro Giuliani oevr.: 51 (18 Lessons for guitar), Vienna, Weigl, 1814
  56. GRAN DUETTO CONCERTANTE op. 52 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1812
  57. GRANDE POT POURRI op. 53 (flute or violin & guitar)
  58. RACCOLTA op. 54 (guitar), c. 1816
  59. DODICI LANDLER op. 55 (guitar)
  60. DIVERTIMENTI op. 56 (guitar) c. 1817
  61. DODICI VALZER op. 57 (guitar) c. 1817
  62. SEI LANDLER, SEI VALZER, SEI SCOZZESI op. 58 (guitar) c. 1820
  63. RACCOLTA op. 59 (guitar) c. 1822
  64. VARIAZIONI op. 60 (guitar)
  65. GRANDE OUVERTURE op. 61 (guitar) 1809
  66. RACCOLTA op. 61 (guitar) c. 1820
  67. VARIAZIONI op. 62 (guitar) c. 1812
  68. VARIAZIONI op. 63 (violin & guitar)
  69. VARIAZIONI op. 64 (guitar) c. 1808
  70. GRAN QUINTETTO op. 65 (two violins, viola, cello & guitar), c. 1812
  71. TRE RONDÃ’ op. 66 (guitar) c. 1817
  72. TRE RONDÃ’ op. 66 (two guitars) c. 1828
  73. GRANDE POT POURRI op. 67 (two guitars)
  74. POT POURRI op. 67 (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1818
  75. DUE RONDÃ’ op. 68 (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1820
  76. RACCOLTA op. 69 (two guitars)
  77. GRAN CONCERTO op. 70 (guitar & orchestra), c. 1822
  78. GRAN CONCERTO op. 70 (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1824
  79. TRE SONATINE op. 71 (guitar) c. 1810
  80. VARIAZIONI op. 72 (guitar) c. 1810
  81. BAGATELLE op. 73 (guitar) c. 1810
  82. RACCOLTA op. 74 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1810
  83. Dodici LANDLER op. 75 (two guitars) c. 1810
  84. VENTI LANDLER op. 75 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1810
  85. POT POURRI op. 76 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1817
  86. DUETTINO op. 77(flute or violin & guitar), c. 1815
  87. DIVERTIMENTI op. 78 (guitar)
  88. CAVATINA op. 79 (voice & guitar or pianoforte), c. 1807
  89. DODICI VALZER op. 80 (guitar)
  90. VARIAZIONI op. 81 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1819
  91. GRANDE SERENATA op. 82 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1822
  92. Six Préludes op. 83 (guitar), Vienna, Weigl 1817 -- adapted for 6-string of Six Exercises op. 27 of Antoine de Lhoyer (1768-1852)
  1. VARIAZIONI op. 84 (flute or violin & guitar), 1817
  2. GRAN DUETTO CONCERTANTE op. 85 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1817
  3. DICIOTTO DIVERTIMENTI op. 86 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1815
  4. VARIAZIONI BRILLANTI op. 87 (guitar) c. 1815
  5. GRANDI VARIAZIONI op. 88 (guitar)
  6. SEI LIEDER op. 89 (soprano & guitar)
  7. GRANDI VARIAZIONI op. 91 (guitar)
  8. GRANDE POT POURRI op. 92 (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1818
  9. GRANDE POT POURRI op. 93 (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1821
  10. DODICI LANDLER op. 94 (two guitars) c. 1814
  11. SEI ARIETTE op. 95 (voice & guitar or pianoforte), c. 1816
  12. TRE SONATE BRILLANTI op. 96 (guitar)
  13. VARIAZIONI op. 97 (guitar) c. 1820
  14. Studj Dilettevoli ossia Raccolta di varj Pezzi Originali per la Chitarra Composti da Mauro Giuliani Op. 98, (Studies for guitar), Artaria & Co. c. 1817
  15. VARIAZIONI op. 99 (guitar) c. 1825
  16. &Etudes Instructives, faciles et agréables pour la Guitarre contenent un recueil de cadences, Cprices, Rondeaux, et Préludes, dediées Á Son Altese Madame la Princesse Cathérine De Menschikoff Née Princesse De Galitzin, por l?Auteur Mauro Giuliani, Maitre de Musique de la Chambre de S.M. L'Archiduchesse Marie Luise, Duchesse de Parme, Plaisance, et Guastalle, etc. Oeuvre 100 (Studies op. 100 for guitar), Vienna, D. Sprenger, 1819
  17. VARIAZIONI op. 101 (guitar) c. 1819
  18. VARIAZIONI op. 102 (guitar) c. 1825
  19. VARIAZIONI op. 103 (guitar) c. 1819
  20. VARIAZIONI op. 104 (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1840
  21. VARIAZIONI op. 105 (guitar) c. 1815
  22. CINQUE DIVERTIMENTI op. 106 (guitar) c. 1818
  23. VARIAZIONI op. 107 (guitar) c. 1828
  24. POT POURRI op. 108 (guitar) c. 1825
  25. GRAN RONDÃ’ op. 109 (guitar) c. 1825
  26. MARCIA VARIATA op. 110 (guitar) c. 1828
  27. Le Ore D'Apollo Opera periodica, contenente Una Raccolta di Pezzi Musicali per Chitarra di una facilità progressiva, e studiosa ad uso ed esercizio degli Amatori, Composta da Mauro Giuliani Parte [I o II] Opera 111 (Collection of Studies op. 111 for guitar), Milano, G. Ricordi (1823 Part I, 1825 Part II)
  28. VARIAZIONI op. 112 (guitar) c. 1825
  29. FUGHETTA op. 113 (guitar) c. 1829
  30. VARIAZIONI op. 114 (guitar) c. 1829
  31. DIECI VALZER op. 116 (two guitars) c. 1831
  32. VARIAZIONI op. 118 (guitar) c. 1821
  33. ROSSINIANA op. 119 (guitar) c. 1820
  34. ROSSINIANA op. 120 (guitar) c. 1821
  35. ROSSINIANA op. 121 (guitar) c. 1821
  36. ROSSINIANA op. 122 (guitar) c. 1824
  37. ROSSINIANA op. 123 (guitar) c. 1824
  38. ROSSINIANA op. 124 (guitar) c. 1828
  39. SEI ARIE NAZIONALI IRLANDESI op. 125 (guitar) c. 1825
  40. SERENATA op. 127 (flute or violin & guitar), c. 1827
  41. VARIAZIONI CONCERTANTI op. 130 (two guitars) c. 1840
  42. TRE POLONESI CONCERTANTI op. 137 (two guitars) c. 1836
  43. VARIAZIONI op. 138 (guitar) c. 1828
  44. 24 Prime Lezioni Progressive Per Chitarra Sola Divise in quattro parti Per uso degli amatori che desiderano di perfezionarsi senza l'ajuto del Maestro Composte da Mauro Giuliani Op. 139 (Six Studies for guitar op. 139), Milano, Ricordi, 1840
    Nota: Identical to RONDONCINI E VARIAZIONI / Capricci e Sonatine / per Chitarra / di / Mauro Giuliani..., Napoli, Girard 1828.
  45. VARIAZIONI op. 140 (guitar) c. 1840
  46. VARIAZIONI op. 141 (guitar) c. 1842
  47. VARIAZIONI op. 142 (guitar) c. 1842
  48. VARIAZIONI op. 143 (guitar) c. 1842
  49. QUATTRO VARIAZIONI E FINALE op. 144 (guitar) c. 1842
  50. Quattro Variazioni e Finale Per Chitarra sola sul tema favorito napoletano Si cara, si bona, si bella [e] graziosa op. 145 (guitar), Milano, Ricordi 1840
  51. VARIAZIONI op. 146 (guitar) c. 1828
  52. VARIAZIONI op. 147 (guitar) c. 1836
  53. Giulianate contenenti Varie Idee Sentimentali op. 148 (guitar), Vienna, Artaria, 1828
  54. PASTORALE op. 149 (two voices, flute & guitar), c. 1830
  55. GRAN SONATA EROICA op. 150 (guitar) c. 1843
  56. ALLEGRO CANTABILE op. (guitar) c. 1829
  57. CANZONETTA op. (voice & guitar or pianoforte), c. 1820
  58. CAVATINA (guitar) c. 1834
  59. CAVATINA (guitar) c. 1829
  60. CAVATINA (voice & guitar)
  61. DODICI CONTRODANZE (guitar) c. 1828
  62. DUE RONDONCINI (guitar) c. 1828
  63. DUETTINO (guitar) c. 1828
  64. GRAN DUO CONCERTANTE (guitar & pianoforte)
  65. GRANDI VARIAZIONI E POLONESE (guitar & pianoforte), c. 1825
  66. MARCIA (guitar) c. 1824
  67. MARCIA (guitar) c. 1828
  68. OUVERTURE (guitar) c. 1820
  69. RACCOLTA (voice & guitar)
  70. RACCOLTA DI VALZER (guitar) c. 1828
  71. RIDUZIONE D'OPERA (guitar) c. 1834
  72. RONDÃ’ E VALZER (guitar) c. 1828
  73. RONDONCINO BRILLANTE (guitar)
  74. RONDONCINO E DUE VALZER (guitar) c. 1828
  75. SECONDA POLONESE (flute or violin & guitar), 1816
  76. SEI ARIE NAZIONALI SCOZZESI (guitar) c. 1836
  77. SEI CONTRODANZE (guitar) c. 1828
  78. SINFONIA (two guitars) c. 1833
  79. SINFONIA (two guitars) c. 1833
  80. SINFONIA (two guitars) c. 1833
  81. SINFONIA (guitar) c. 1831
  82. SINFONIA (two guitars) c. 1832
  83. SINFONIA (guitar) c. 1825
  84. SINFONIA (guitar) c. 1827
  85. TARANTELLA (two guitars) c. 1837
  86. TRE RONDÃ’ (guitar) c. 1828
  87. TRE SONATINE (guitar) c. 1828
  88. VARIAZIONI (guitar) c. 1833