Just Classical Guitar Club

il club degli amanti della chitarra con corde di nylon

  • Increase font size
  • Default font size
  • Decrease font size
Home Guitar History 19th-Century List M.A. Zani de Ferranti
E-mail Print PDF

Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti

(1800-1878)

A Guitarist and Poet from Bologna

M. A. Zani de Ferranti

Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti was born in Bologna on July 6, 1800 (according to some sources, 1801). He came from a well-off family, with ancestry that included Venetian Dogi and famous musicians of the Seventeenth Century (such as Marco Antonio). From a young age, while a student in Lucca, he showed a propensity for literature and poetry.

When he was only twelve years old, having been present at a concert of Paganini, he began to study the violin, becoming an excellent performer after only four years. He took up the guitar afterwards, and decided to devote himself to this instrument under the guidance of Gherli. He made rapid progress and had a successful debut as a concert performer.

In 1820 Zani de Ferranti moved to Paris, meeting the favor of the musical public. However, he did not meet with the approval of the guitar circle there, having been criticized for his technique. After a short time he moved, perhaps for this reason, to St. Petersburg, where he worked as librarian for the senator Miatlev, and later as secretary of Count Narishkin. In the four years of his Russian stay, Zani de Ferranti worked on improving his guitar technique. He came back to central Europe and performed a recital on guitar in Hamburg, achieving a great success.

A charcoal caricature of Zani de Ferranti

His career broadened in 1825, with concerts in Paris, London and Brussels. He lived in this city temporarily, starting in 1827, teaching guitar and Italian literature. From 1832 Zani de Ferranti reassumed his concert activity, travelling to Holland, France, England, America and Italy, where he met Paganini again and with whom he was able to start up a personal relationship. By this time he was enjoying such a reputation as a guitar virtuoso that, in 1834, King Leopoldo of Belgium named him his "honorary guitarist."

He continued the road of the concert performer with concerts in all Europe; some of these were apparently in duo with the famous violinist Camillo Sivori. By 1846 Zani de Ferranti had settled definitely in Brussels, where he became the teacher of Italian at the Royal Conservatory of Music. He abandoned the guitar, whose popularity was decreasing, and lived the last years of his life in straitened circumstances. He moved finally to Pisa, where he died on November 19, 1878.

This composer for guitar has left about 30 works of a romantic-virtuostic character, among which are fantasias and notturnos for solo guitar, and two polaccas for three guitars. We should also mention his important literary works, published largely after his death, as his essays and studies on the poetry of Dante, a Grand Commentary on the Divine Comedy; he also authored poetry, the principal representative of which is "On the death of the famous Maria Malibran de Beriot."

(Transl. M. Penny)

Guitar Works of M.A. Zani de Ferranti

1. Solo Guitar Works

  • Fantasia Variata Op. 1, for terz guitar

    Fantaisie Variée sur l'air / ("Wan I in der fruh auf steh") composée pour Guitare seule..., Schott, Mainz, 1840.
    Note: Same theme as Op.17, but with a different set of variations.
    Sources: A.Wgm, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.Gs, GB.RS, I.BT, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • Fantasia Variata Op. 1[a] on a theme of Freischütz, for guitar

    Fantaisie Variée sur un thème favori du Freischütz pour Guitare seule Dédiée à son Elève Monsieur Louis Lambrichs..., Marchandes de Musique, Bruxelles, ?.
    Sources: B.Br, DK.Kk; listed in ECO as Op.1.

  • Capriccetto Op. 2 (Schott), guitar

    Ronde de Fées / Capriccetto / composée / pour guitare seule / par / M.A.Zani de Ferranti / guitariste du Roi des Belges, Schott (Bruxelles), 1840.
    Note: Probably the same work as Op. 7 Introduction et Rondo.
    Sources: A.Wgm, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.Gs, GB.RS, I.BT, S.Skma, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • Fantasia Variata Op. 2[a], guitar with E-major tuning

    2me. Fantaisie Variée / pour guitare seule / sur l'air de Cenerentola: Non più mesta accanto al fuoco..., Publ. l'Auteur (Bruxelles), ?.
    Note: Listed in ECO as Op. 5 with the same title.
    Sources: B.Lc

  • Six Biblical Nocturnes Op. 3, guitar

    Six / Nocturnes Bibliques / par M.A.Zani de Ferranti, Schott (Mainz), 1840.
    Sources: A.Wgm, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.Gs, I.BT, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg, USSR.Ls.

  • My Last Fantasy Op. 4, guitar

    Ma Dernière Fantaisie ..., Schott, 1840.
    Sources: A.Gl, A.Wgm, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.Gs, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • Six Night Melodies Op. 4[a], guitar

    Six / Melodies nocturnes / originales / pour / guitare seule / dediées a son élève / Miss Fedora Dawson Foreman / et composées par / M.A.Zani de Ferranti, Marchends de Musique (Bruxelles), ~1840.
    Sources: B.Br, GB.Rs; listed in ECO as Op.4.

  • Fantasia Op. 5, guitar in E-major tuning

    Fantasie Variée / sur le / Carneval de Venise / pour guitare seule / accord parfait de mi / par / M.A.Zani de Ferranti, Schott, 1841 (~1858; 1874, Ricordi, Milan).
    Sources: A.Gl, A.Wgm, D.Bs, GB.FeA, GB.RS, I.BT, S,Skma, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • Theme with variations Op. 5[a], guitar

    Tema con variazioni dedicate Al Signor Dr. Pietro Benfenati Egregio Dilettante..., Guyet, ~1820.
    Sources: F.Pn

  • Fantasia Op. 6, guitar (Schott)

    Loin de Toi, Caprice..., Schott (Mainz), 1841.
    Sources: A.Wgm, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.RS, I.BT, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • Fantasia Variata Op. 7, guitar

    Fantasie / variée / sur la Romance d'Othello / "Assisa a pié d'un salice" / pour guitare seule / par / M.A.Zani de Ferranti / guitariste du Roi des Belges, Schott (Bruxelles), 1841.
    Sources: B.Bc, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.RS, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • Fantasia with Variations Op. 7[a], guitar in E-major tuning

    La robe légère de Marie Fantaisie avec Variations pour guitare seule..., Schott (Mainz), 1841.
    Sources: Manuscript in B.Bc. Listed in ECO as Op.10.

  • Divertimento Op. 8, guitar

    Divertissement sur 3 Romances Anglaises Favorites composé pour guitare seule..., Schott (Mainz), 1841.
    Sources: A.Wgm, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, S.Skma, I.BT, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • Simple Variations Op. 8[a], guitar

    Simples Variations sur une mélodie originale pour guitare seule Par [sic].
    Sources: Manuscript in B.Bc without opus no., listed in ECO.

  • Notturno Op. 9, guitar

    La Derniere pensée de Weber / Nocturne / par Zani de Ferranti, Schott (Mainz), 1842.
    Sources: D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.RS, GB. SB, I.BT, S.Skma, US.CLp, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg. Two manuscripts in B.Bc are numbered Op.8 and Op. 59.

  • Fantasia Op. 10, guitar

    Fantaisie Variée sur l'air de Caraffa: "O cara memoria"..., Schott, 1847 and J. Gout et Terry, Liège. Listed as Op. 10 in COC.
    Sources: B.Lc, D.Bs, DK.Kc, DK.Kk, GB.FeA, GB.RS, US.MO, US.PHf, US.SLg.

  • 24 Caprichos Op. 11, guitar

    24 Caprices pour servir à L'étude de la Guitare dédiés aux amateurs... Part 1...., "Bruxelles, Chez tous les Mds. de Musique". Listed as Op. 11 in ECO.
    Sources: B.Br, S.Skma.

  • Introduction & Variations Op. 11[a], guitar

    Introduction & Variations sur l'air Hongrois pour guitare seule Composée pour M.V. Borchard..., Manuscript. Listed as Op. 11 in ECO.
    Source: B.Bc.

  • New Variations on a Tyrolien theme Op. 12, guitar

    Nouvelle Variations sur l'air Tyrolien pour guitare seule..., Manuscript. Listed as Op. 6 in ECO. Possibly an early version of Fantaisie ... Op. 1.
    Source: B.Bc.

  • Fantasia Variata Op. 13, guitar

    Fantaisie variée sur un air favori de Tancredi pour guitare seule..., Manuscript. Listed as Op. 3 in ECO.
    Source: B.Bc.

  • Fantasia, Variations & Finale Op.14, guitar in E-major tuning

    Fantaisie Variations & Finale sur un choeur du Siège de Corinthe pour guitare seule OEuv.5, Op. XIV ..., Manuscript. Listed as Op. 15 in ECO.

  • Six Variations Op. 17, guitar in E-major tuning

    Six Variations sur Ia Tyrolienne pour guitare seule dédiées à son eleve Monsieur Joseph Watteen..., "Bruxelles, Chez tous les Mds. de Musique". Listed in ECO.
    Sources: B.Br, MS in B.Bc.

  • Grand Variations Op.19, guitar

    Grandes Variations sur la Tyrolienne Favorite de Guillaume Tell pour guitare seule dediées à son eleve Melle. Séraphine Froidmont..., "Bruxelles chez tous les Mds. de Musique", Listed in ECO.
    Sources: B.Br, MS in B.Bc numbered Op.6.

  • Fantasia Variata Op.20, guitar in E-major tuning

    Fantaisie Variée sur la romance favorite: Un Castel D'Antique Structure pour Guitare seule on accord parfait de Mi Dédiée à son Eleve Mrs. Emma Drummond..., "Bruxelles chez tous les Mds. de Musique", Listed in ECO.
    Sources: B.Br, S.Skma; MS in B.Bc numbered Op.17.

  • Musical Nonsenses Op. 21, guitar

    Niaiserie Musicale sur un air favori de la Famille Suisse pour guitare seule dediée a son eleve Miss Charlotte Evans Freke..., "Bruxelles chez tous les Marchands de Musique". Listed in ECO.
    Sources: B.Br; MS in B.Bc numbered Op.19.

  • Favourite Variations Op.30, guitar in E-major tuning

    "God Save the King" Variations favorites pour Guitare (En accord parfait de mi)..., Manuscript. Listed in ECO as Op.30.
    Source: B.Bc.

  • Fantasia variata Op.30[a], guitar (E-major tuning) and strings

    God Save the King, Fantaisie variée ... dédiée avec Permission spéciale à Sa Majeste; La Reine de la Grande Bretagne ..., London, 1835, "Chez L'Auteur". Version scored for guitar (in E major tuning) accompanied by string quartet and double bass.
    Source: B.Gc.

  • Three Themes Op.31, guitar

    Trois Themes, de Weber, Beethoven et Mozart, Variés pour Étude. Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • 22 Divertimenti Op.32, guitar

    Vingt Six Divertissements, composés ou reduits, et divisé's en 4 Livraisons. Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • Fantasia variata Op.37, guitar

    Fantaisie Variée sur l'Air Anglais "0h! no we never mention Her" pour Guitare seule..., manuscript in B.Bc. Not listed in ECO.

  • 6 Valzers Op.43, guitar

    6 Walses Caracteristiques pour guitare seule..., manuscript in B.Bc (No.5 missing). Maybe the same as Six Walses Nouvelles listed in ECO as Op. 16.

  • Studies Op.49, guitar

    Etude des tons favoris de la guitare Divisée en Gammes, Exercices, Thèmes connus, Walses & Divertissemens..., Carli (~1827). Dedicated to Luigi Legnani. Source: F.Pn.

  • 44 Exercises Op.50, guitar

    44 Exercices dans tous les tons de la guitare..., Carli (~1827). Dedicated to Ferdinando Carulli.
    Source: F.Pn.

  • Notturno Op. 59, guitar

    See Op.9.

2. Chamber Works for Guitar

  • Fantasia Concertante Op. 22 (2 guitars) (Schott, Mainz)

    Concertante pour deux guitares, Dediée à ses Élèves.... Listed in ECO.
    Sources: MS in B.Bc.

  • Polonaise Concertante Op. 27, 3 guitars

    Polonaise Concertante pour 3 guitares..., Manuscript with no opus number. A work with this title is listed in ECO as Op.27.
    Sources: B.Bc.

  • Concertino Op. 35 (guitar and pianoforte) (Schott)

    Concertino pour la guitare avec accompagnement de piano obligé, MS in B.Bc.

  • Three Souvenirs Op.40, 2 guitars

    Trois Souvenirs de Moïse / Divertissements pour 2 guitares..., manuscript in B.Bc.

  • Capriccio, guitar and pianoforte

    manuscript, Neaples Conservatory

  • Due Polacche, for 3 guitars

    Schott, Mainz

3. Lost or inexistent Works

  • Introduction and Rondo Op. 7[b], guitar

    Introduction et Rondo.
    Sources: Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • Fantasia Variata Op. 13[a], guitar

    Fantaisie Variée sur un air favori d'Aline. Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • Six New Valzers Op. 16, guitar

    Six Walses Nouvelles. Listed in ECO, no copy found. Perhaps the same music as Op. 43.

  • 24 Caprichos Op. 18, guitar

    24 Caprices pour servir à l'étude de la Guitare, divisés en trois parties... IIe. Partie,, Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • 8 Valzers progressives Op. 20[a], guitar

    8 Walses Progressives, Paris "chez Carli", c. 1826. Listed in Whistling, C.F., Handbuch der Musikalischen Literature (Leipzig, 1828), no copy found.

  • Melodramatic Scenes Op. 23, guitar

    Scènes Melodramatiques en 3 Parties... Ie. Partie. Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • Melodramatic Scenes Op. 24, guitar

    Scènes Melodramatiques en 3 Parties... IIe. Partie. Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • Melodramatic Scenes Op. 25, guitar

    Scènes Melodramatiques en 3 Parties... IIIe. Partie. Listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • 14 Caprichos progressives Op. 26, guitar

    24 Caprices pour servir à l'étude de la Guitare, divisés en trois parties... IIIe Partie. Listed in ECO, no copy found of this part.

  • Essay on the Art of Playing Guitar Op. 28, guitar

    Essai sur l'Art de jouer de la guitare, listed in ECO, no copy found.

  • Rondoletto Op.29, guitar ?

    Rondoletto a la Kosaque, listed in ECO, no copy found.

3. Abbreviations

A.Gl Steiermärkische Landesbibliothek am Joanneum, Graz
A.Wgm Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Vienna
B.Bc Bibliothèque du Conservatoire Royal de Musique, Brussels
B.Br Bibliothèque Royale de Belgique, Brussels
B.Gc Bibliotheek van het Koninklijk Muziek-Conservatorium, Gent
B.Lc Bibliothèque du Conservatoire Royal de Musique, Liège
D.Bs Staatsbibliothek (Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz), Berlin
D.MLs Landshauptstadt Munich
DK.Kc Carl Claudius Samling, Copenhagen
DK.Kk Det Kongelige Bibliothek, Copenhagen
F.Pn Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris
GB.FeA Ferranti family archives, Macclesfield, Cheshire
GB.Gs Library of the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, London
GB.RS Private collection of Robert Spencer, London
GB.SB Private collection of Stuart Button, Dorset
I.BT Biblioteca provata Benvenuto Terzi, Bergamo
S.Skma Kungliga Musikaliske Akademiens Bibliothek, Stockholm
US.CLP Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland, Ohio
US.MO Private collection of Matanya Ophee, Columbus, Ohio
US.NCu University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
US.NYp New York Public Library, New York
US.PHf Free Library of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
US.SLg Krick Collection, Gaylord Music Library, St. Louis, Missouri
US.Wc Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
USSR.Ls M.E Saltykov-Schedrin State Public Library, Leningrad

Bibliography

 

  • [ECO] M.A. Zani de Ferranti, Édition Complète des Oeuvres de Guitare de M.-A. Zani de Ferranti, in the music Grandes Variations... Op. 19.
  • [COC] M.A. Zani de Ferranti, Collection des Ouevres choisies pour Guitare, B. Schott's Söhne, Mayence
  • F. J. Fétis, La guitare et M. Zani de Ferranti in Revue Musicale, January 26, 1834.
  • Nikolaj Makarov, My 50 years of remembering and with them my final confession, St.-Petersburg 1881. Transleted as "The Memoirs of Makaroff" by BobriV., and Ulreich, N., in The Guitar Review Nos. 1,2,3 & 5 (1946-47), and Ophee, M., "The Memoirs of Makaroff. A Second Look" Soundboard, Vol IX, No.3 (California, 1982).
  • Nikolaj Makarov, My 50 years of remembering and with them my final confession, St.-Petersburg 1881.
  • Valerian Rusanov, Zani de Ferranti in Gitarist, 1905.
  • Romolo Ferrari, Zani de Ferranti, Markus [sic] Aurelius, in Der Gitarrenfreund No. 2, (Münich, 1931) pp.248-250.
  • Simon Wynberg, Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti - a Biography, Chanterelle (1989).
  • Danilo Prefumo, Marc'Aurelio Zani de Ferranti 1800-1978, Materiali per una biografia, in il Fronimo no.51, p. 9-37, 1998.
  • Mario Dell'Ara, Effemeridi su Zani de Ferranti ed altri, in il Fronimo no.104, p. 19-29, 1998.
  • Please refer also to the Basic Bibliography